AA1000 AccountAbility Principles Standard (AA1000APS)

Provides a framework for organizations to identify, prioritize, and respond to sustainability challenges. The other AA1000 standards – the Assurance Standard and the Stakeholder Engagement Standard – are based on the APS principles and support their achievement.


SAP software programming language.


SAP application that is technically dependent on – and can only be installed on top of – another SAP application.

Americas’ SAP Users’ Group (ASUG)

Non-profit organization of SAP customer companies dedicated to providing educational and networking opportunities in support of SAP software and implementation. These user groups are established in regions around the world to share knowledge and influence SAP development efforts. ASUG is the largest user group with more than 50,000 members in the Americas.


Data analysis typically generated in the form of reports and charts that can be used for business insight and decision making.

analytics solutions from SAP

Analytics solutions from SAP enable people to unleash the power of collective insight in Big Data by empowering them with the right information at the right time to make insightful business decisions, anticipate change, and uncover new opportunities. When powered by SAP HANA, companies can unleash the power of real-time collective insight by overcoming the classic trade-off between the speed and flexibility of data analysis. Our analytics offerings cover the areas of business intelligence, enterprise performance management, and governance, risk, and compliance. 


Software that enables organizations to perform certain business processes or activities and to address specific business needs.

application lifecycle management

For SAP, a term that describes the processes, tools, services, and organizational model used to manage SAP and non-SAP software throughout the solution lifecycle, from concept to phase-out. SAP’s recommended approach to application lifecycle management enables companies to adopt innovations from SAP rapidly and gain optimal value from their business solutions.

applied analytics

Category of offerings within the analytics solutions from SAP portfolio comprising individual offerings for analytic applications, analytic content, and accelerators.


SAP’s acquisition of Ariba, Inc., a leading cloud-based business commerce network, completed on October 1, 2012. All cloud-related supplier assets of SAP are now consolidating under Ariba, which operates as an independent business under the name “Ariba, an SAP company.” Ariba solutions for procurement, financials, and sourcing, as well as the Ariba Network, continue to maintain the Ariba brand.

Ariba Network

Business commerce network where companies of all sizes can connect to their trading partners anywhere, at any time from any application or device to buy, sell, and manage their cash more efficiently and effectively than ever before. Companies around the world use the Ariba Network to simplify inter-enterprise commerce and enhance the results they deliver. See “business network.”


Process of measuring products, services, and practices against those of leading companies, which can also be used as a reference point of measurement for evaluating best practices.

best practice

A management concept that involves devising a method of process that most effectively produces a desired outcome. SAP applications use business best practices to help customers automate common business processes through software and technology. See “SAP Best Practices.”

Big Data

The large volume of data created by billions of connected devices and people generating a tremendous amount of information about their behavior, location, and activity. This availability of massive amounts of data requires companies to rethink technology architecture and database structures.

Business Health Culture Index

A score for the general cultural conditions in an organization that enable employees to stay healthy and balanced. The index is calculated based on the results of regular employee surveys. 

business intelligence (BI)

Software that enables users to analyze an organization’s raw data and make fact-based decisions. BI-related processes include data mining, analytical processing, querying, and reporting. SAP BusinessObjects BI solutions include the SAP BusinessObjects BI platform, SAP Crystal Reports, SAP BusinessObjects Dashboards, and SAP Lumira.

business network

An online service that connects businesses and their systems to those of their trading partners and enables new processes and information and insight sharing only possible in a digital environment. See “Ariba Network.”

business process

Set of logically related activities performed within an organization to complete a defined business task. Order processing is a typical example. SAP provides software and technology that enable and support business processes.

Business Process Expert (BPX) community

Part of SAP Community Network, this online network connects SAP customers, business analysts, consultants, and SAP internal experts. The BPX community is a unique repository for knowledge that focuses on a wide variety of process, implementation, and solution issues.

business user

Employees who spend significant time finding and sharing information, collaborating with others, coordinating projects, devising strategy or operational tactics, and coming up with new ideas based on information gathered from multiple sources. Also called knowledge or information workers or business consumers.

business warehouse

See “data warehouse.”

carbon offset or greenhouse gas (GHG) offset

A unit of carbon dioxide-equivalent (CO<small>2</small> equivalent) that is reduced, avoided, or sequestered to compensate for emissions occurring elsewhere.

channel partner

SAP partner category that includes value-added resellers (VARs), independent software vendors (ISVs), and value-added distributors.

cloud computing

Generic term for flexible, IT-related services available through, or hosted on, the Internet for consumers and business, including storage, computing power, software development environments, and applications, combined with service delivery. Accessed as needed “in the cloud,” these services eliminate the need for in-house IT resources. See “software as a service.” 

CO2 equivalent

A measure to compare the emissions of various greenhouse gases based upon their global warming potential. For example, the global warming potential for methane over 100 years is 21. This means that emissions of one million metric tons of methane are equivalent to emissions of 21 million metric tons of carbon dioxide.


Modular piece of software offering functions accessible via interfaces.

content shipment

Complementing software for SAP applications that supports customers’ integration, implementation, and configuration activities.

core applications

Standard business applications available in SAP Business Suite, including SAP ERP, SAP Customer Relationship Management (SAP CRM), SAP Product Lifecycle Management (SAP PLM), SAP Supply Chain Management (SAP SCM), and SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM).

core solutions

Offerings for standard business applications and technologies that provide customers with a stable, consistent solution suite that allows them to be more efficient and agile, make decisions in real time, and create new value for their own customers. See “core applications.”

corporate social responsibility

SAP’s corporate social responsibility (CSR) program is about what the company does for people, both inside and outside SAP, to help make society more sustainable and the world run better.

custom development project (CDP)

Realization of a custom-developed solution that meets unique business needs, realized at SAP or in a customer’s development system.

customer competence center

A program established by SAP in 1994 to assist customers in setting up and optimizing their own support operations. The program focuses on sharing best practices, providing operational tools, and creation of operations standards across all organizations involved with IT service and application management.

customer connection

A simple process directed at incrementally enhancing and improving the products and solutions SAP customers are using today. It offers SAP customers the opportunity to suggest small enhancements to products and solutions in mainstream maintenance, for fast and non-disruptive delivery using notes and support packages.

customer engagement lifecycle

Model that provides an integrated framework of practices to help create and deliver customer value. The phases of the customer engagement lifecycle represent the common route followed by the SAP and the customer teams in the process of identifying, delivering, operating, and managing solutions that best fit the customer’s needs.

data center energy

The amount of energy consumed in SAP’s data centers related to the number of employees (expressed in full-time equivalents/FTEs). 

data warehouse

An electronic collection of information organized for easy access by computer programs. See “SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse.”

default release

Most recent release of an SAP application after it enters the unrestricted shipment phase. The standard software release is shipped to customers unless a specific release is ordered. Usually, the most recent release of an SAP software product is declared the current default release once the restricted shipment phase has ended.


Refers to reducing the total material that goes toward providing products or services to customers. SAP achieves this effect through greater efficiency in the usage of materials, such as default double-sided printing, or by increasing online conferencing to reduce business travel.

design thinking

A methodology for routine innovation that brings together the right side of the brain (creative) with the left side of the brain (analytical).

disruptive technology

Process by which a product or service takes root initially in simple applications at the bottom of a market and then relentlessly moves “up market,” eventually displacing established competitors. Term coined by Clayton Christensen.


Abbreviation for Deutschsprachige SAP-Anwendergruppe (German-Speaking SAP Users’ Group), which has around 43,062 members from 2,735 companies in German-speaking countries and beyond.

Duet Enterprise

Software resulting from collaboration between SAP and Microsoft that enables business users to boost individual and team productivity by giving business users access to selected SAP software and data using the familiar Microsoft Office environment.


Construct encompassing SAP and its customers and partners that extends the value SAP provides to its customers. By bringing together community-based insight, innovative partner solutions, and industry-leading collaboration and co-innovation, it enables customers to extract the greatest possible value from their SAP investments. 

electronic waste (e-waste)

Electronic products that are discarded by consumers or companies, such as computers, computer monitors, or mobile devices.

embedded analytics

Incorporating business intelligence within operational applications and business processes.  

Employee Engagement Index

A score for the level of employee commitment, pride, and loyalty, as well as the feeling of employees of being advocates for their company.

employee retention

The ratio of the average headcount (expressed in full-time equivalents/FTEs) minus employee-initiated terminations (turnover) divided by the average headcount, taking into account the past 12 months. 

enabler effect

Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and increase of energy savings in the entire economy through innovative technology provided by the ICT sector.

end-to-end process

Set of activities supporting defined management, core, or support processes. Customers can use these activities as a reference to map their own processes.

end-to-end solution

Software solution that covers one end-to-end process.

enhancement package

Optional software packages that enable companies to take advantage of innovation while keeping their core software stable. Enhancement packages contain improved general business and industry functionality, enterprise services, and other user interface and functional improvements. Organizations can activate selected business functions contained within the enhancement packages and deploy them on their own timetable with minimal disruption to business operations.

enterprise mobility

Term used in business and industry to refer to the concept and approach to making a business mobile. At SAP, we use “enterprise mobility” as our umbrella term for an overall mobile strategy.

enterprise resource planning

See “SAP ERP.”

enterprise service

A set of highly integrated Web services that can be accessed and used repeatedly by applications to support business processes. Used as building blocks for composing larger units of software, enterprise services can be quickly defined by SAP or its partners and assembled to compose new applications and enable new business processes. See Web service.

environmental impact

A positive or negative change to the natural environment.

Global Customer Reference Program

SAP program offering detailed information about reference customers from around the world, using a database that channel partners can access to help close a deal with a new SAP customer. Reference customers have agreed to participate in one or more reference activities on behalf of SAP.

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)

A non-profit organization that provides companies and organizations with a comprehensive sustainability reporting framework that is widely used around the world.

greenhouse gas footprint

The sum of all greenhouse gas emissions measured and reported, including renewable energy and third-party reductions, for example, offsets. 

Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol)

The most widely used international accounting tool to understand, quantify, and manage greenhouse gas emissions. 

in-memory computing

A major advance in information technology that creates a dramatic change in computing, analytics, and data storage. Combining advances in multicore processing with more affordable servers, in-memory computing allows information to be stored in the main memory rather than in relational databases to greatly accelerate processing times. It disrupts the traditional IT stack comprised of hardware, middleware, and software, where disk-based relational databases can become bottlenecks. 

in-memory database

Database that keeps all active records in main memory rather than on disk. Accessing in-memory records is considerably faster than retrieving them from the disk, significantly increasing performance. SAP HANA is SAP’s groundbreaking database that allows businesses to take advantage of in-memory computing. See “SAP HANA.”


For an organization that accepts its accountability to those it impacts and who impact it: The participation of stakeholders in developing and achieving a strategic and accountable response to sustainability.

independent software vendor (ISV)

Company that makes and sells software products that run on one or more computer hardware or operating system platforms.


An economic sector characterized by a value chain, business processes, and a set of products and services that is typical or common for all companies belonging to this sector. At SAP, “industries” is also used as a term to differentiate between lines-of-business functions such as marketing, procurement, and finance, and those functions specific to an industry. SAP has software portfolios that address the business needs of 25 different industries.

industry application

Software unit supporting a specific collection of business processes required to address the business needs of a specific industry.

Industry Value Network

SAP program that brings together customers, independent software vendors, system integrators, technology vendors, and SAP to form a network of groups to stimulate co-innovation and the development of high-impact business solutions for a particular industry.

Internet of Things

A fusion of the digital world and the physical world that brings together different concepts and technical components. Everyday objects and machines have sensors that can “communicate” with each other over the Internet, making new models possible for business processes, collaboration, miniaturization of devices, and mobile communications. SAP offers several solutions that address the Internet of Things.

ISO 14001

A standard for environmental management systems that provides practical tools for companies and organizations to identify and control their environmental impact and constantly improve their environmental performance.


Object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems Inc. SAP NetWeaver provides complete support for Java technology, including Java 2 Platform Enterprise Edition (J2EE); J2EE defines the standard for developing multitier enterprise applications based on Java.

key performance indicator (KPI)

Performance figure for which threshold values are defined and against which validation is executed.


Set of manufacturing principles originating from Japanese car manufacturer Toyota that first defines customer value, then reorganizes every step required to design, order, build, deliver, and maintain this value across all the organizations and units. As a result, firms can do more with less, respond more quickly to customer needs, create jobs that are more rewarding for employees, and reduce their impact on the environment. 

legal change

Correction to SAP software to adapt an SAP software release to changes in legal and regulatory requirements.

line of business (LoB)

Internal organizational area or business unit in a company (division) that combines all responsibilities for a particular product, group, or set of processes. Examples include sales, purchasing, human resources, finance, marketing, and so on.

line-of-business (LoB) applications

In the context of computing, a set of core software applications vital to running an enterprise, such as accounting, HR, procurement, and so on.

mainstream maintenance

First SAP maintenance phase, which includes the full scope of support. It is followed by an extended maintenance, customer-specific maintenance, or priority-one support phase.


Software support comprising support for legal changes and corrections delivered through the SAP Notes tool, support packages, problem support, and access to information and online service channels – depending on the maintenance phase.

maintenance strategy

Set of rules that determine the length and conditions of maintenance for SAP software releases. Detailed rules can differ depending on the type of application.

master price list

Catalog for customers containing separately priced SAP products as well as terms and conditions.


Determines the relevance and significance of an issue to an organization and its stakeholders. A material issue is an issue that will influence the decisions, actions, and performance of an organization or its stakeholders.

mobile apps

Applications for mobile devices available for download, demo, and purchase on SAP Store, App Store, and other online stores. Mobile apps are categorized as either business/product in focus or as consumer-focused. AT SAP, our mobile apps are task-oriented (productivity or analytical) or allow full access (process) to existing on-premise software.

mobile solutions

Mobile solutions from SAP provide a foundation for enterprise mobility and seamless integration with the core enterprise applications of our customers. Our portfolio of mobile solutions includes enterprise mobility management, including the SAP Afaria mobile device management solution and the SAP Mobile Documents solution; mobile apps; and SAP Mobile Platform. 

Net Promoter Score (NPS)

Describes the willingness of customers to recommend or promote an organization or company to others. It is defined as the percentage of customers that are likely to recommend an organization or company to friends or colleagues (promoters) minus the percentage of customers that are unlikely to do so.

nexus of forces

The convergence and mutual reinforcement of four interdependent trends – social interaction, enterprise mobility, cloud, and information – that combine to empower individuals as they interact with each other and their information through well-designed ubiquitous technology.

non-profit or not-for-profit

A corporation or an association that conducts business for the benefit of the public without shareholders and without a profit motive.

on demand

Model of software deployment whereby providers license an application to customers for use as a service when they need it, that is, “on demand.” It eliminates the need for on-site IT resources to manage infrastructure and thereby reduces operational expenses. Due to their software-as-a-service nature, on-demand solutions are often available in the cloud.

on device

Anytime, anywhere access to SAP applications and data from any type of wired or wireless device (desktop, laptop, mobile, tablets, sensors, and so on).

on premise

Traditional model of software deployment where enterprises purchase software licenses and deploy applications in-house.


An organizational approach at SAP that promotes strong collaboration among all areas of the company across services, software, and ecosystem, supporting “one face to the customer.”

open source

Software based on the concept of software developers coming together to build a virtual community and solving a common problem by developing working software that everyone has a right to change. Successful development projects under the open source model include Linux – a free operating system supported by SAP.


An approach that allows SAP customers to link on-premise, cloud, and mobile solutions in a cost-effective and highly consistent manner. It defines a blueprint and the architectural guidelines that bring together these various IT elements. Through orchestration, SAP provides master data management, business process management, and unified lifecycle management across all SAP solutions at low total cost of ownership.

original equipment manufacturer (OEM)

Company that produces a product or component to be purchased for sale or use by other manufacturers or that incorporates a purchased product or component into its own new product for further sale.


Software that enhances the functionality of an existing application.

point of sale (POS)

Generic term used in distribution to describe all information that is recorded at the time a product is sold. The data typically includes the location of the sale, price point, SKU, end-user contact information, and partner contact information. The SAP Point-of-Sale application can help retail businesses reduce the operating costs of store systems – while delivering an enhanced customer experience.

powered by SAP HANA

An SAP offering powered by SAP HANA runs on the SAP HANA platform. More than 100 SAP applications are currently “powered by SAP HANA.” Partner solutions or applications that are powered by SAP HANA are certified by SAP to run on the SAP HANA platform. These applications take advantage of distinctive capabilities of SAP HANA to deliver key benefits, such as simpler administration, reduced overhead, and better business intelligence over conventional traditional technology platforms.

predictive analytics

Brings advanced analytics capabilities to a broad spectrum of users to help uncover new business opportunities, predict trends, and proactively respond to change. The recent acquisition of KXEN enables SAP to extend predictive analytics tools beyond data scientists to line-of-business users and analysts in the workplace by automating key modeling and analytical tasks and enabling faster deployment and adoption. Available in SAP Predictive Analysis software.

priority-one support

An additional optional maintenance phase offered after expiration of mainstream maintenance for specific releases of the SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence platform and former SAP BusinessObjects solutions no longer actively sold or marketed.


A non-versioned high-level view of software from a software logistics perspective. It is a “bracket” that contains corresponding software product versions.

Product Availability Matrix (PAM)

Database that bundles technical and release planning information on SAP components for quick reference. Information on the availability of SAP component releases and maintenance end dates, as well as release information are available. 

product footprint

The environmental impact of products, processes, or services by production, usage, and disposal.

product instance

A group of technically dependent software component versions that are part of a (software) product version and have to be installed and operated on a single logical system/server. The software product instances of a software product version show the maximal distribution possibility of the software product version. Also known as “software product instance.”

product line

Individual products grouped together based on their main brand names, including all versions, technical releases, editions, options, add-ons, delivery types, and related tools. Example: The product line “SAP Customer Relationship Management” would include SAP CRM 7.0, SAP Cloud for Sales, SAP Cloud for Service, SAP CRM rapid-deployment solution, the SAP Customer Insight mobile app, and so on.

product version

One or more software component versions made available at the same time for implementing a well-defined scope of functionality. The versions of a product fulfill the principle of functional continuity. From a delivery point of view, the version indicates the release of a product and can either be stand-alone or add-on. Also known as “software product version.”

Ramp-Up Knowledge Transfer

SAP training program that delivers early product-related knowledge to presales, sales, consultants, partners, and support teams. This program contributes to the successful implementation of ramp-up projects and is a crucial element of the ramp-up process in the product innovation lifecycle at SAP.


SAP software that has a version number, is shipped at a particular time, and has defined maintenance phases.

release-to-customer date

Date that marks the initial availability of a release to customers and the beginning of the restricted shipment phase.

renewable energy

The shares and types of electricity obtained from renewable sources such as hydro, wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass. It is calculated by adding the amount of renewable energy specifically sourced, produced on-site by our own solar cells and covered by Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs).


In the context of stakeholder engagement: An organization’s cooperation and communication with stakeholders, and the decisions and actions taken in response to addressed topics and issues.

restricted shipment phase

First phase of a release delivery, which is rolled out within the framework of the SAP Ramp-Up program. The program determines how many customers receive the release and increases distribution in a controlled way. This phase is followed by the unrestricted shipment phase.

road map

Product timeline that has a variety of objectives, including communication to customers, users, or other parties interested in the timing of future product releases; the features planned for those releases; general prioritization of features; and in some cases, the requirements of features in enough detail that current and prospective customers can give feedback on the feature itself and the product’s direction. 

SAP Active Global Support (SAP AGS)

A global organization with more than 4,000 support engineers and developers that focuses on support offerings, helping companies manage the application lifecycle and optimize solution performance and consequently manage complexity, mitigate risks, and control costs. The services are available through seven strategically located global support centers and more than 30 local support centers.

SAP ActiveEmbedded

Enhanced engagement services for optimizing solutions and accelerating adoption of technologies without disrupting customer businesses.

SAP Adaptive Server Enterprise (SAP ASE)

A high-performance relational database management system for mission-critical, data-intensive environments. It ensures highest operational efficiency and throughput on a broad range of platforms. Key features include data encryption to protect from internal and external breaches, partitioning technology for better performance and easier maintenance, and virtualization and clustering capabilities for continuous availability and efficient use of resources. Formerly called SAP Sybase ASE.

SAP Afaria

A mobile device management solution that provides a single administrative console to centrally manage, secure, and deploy mobile data, applications, and devices. SAP Afaria simplifies the management complexities of a workforce on the go by making the data stored and transmitted by mobile devices secure.

SAP Best Practices

Packages that provide proven methods and tools for organizations to implement best business practices in key areas and a range of industries using SAP software. The packages deliver methodology, documentation, and preconfiguration that enable rapid, reliable deployment with quick return on investment.

SAP Business All-in-One

Comprehensive and flexible business management solution targeted to midsize companies with up to 2,500 employees that are looking for a comprehensive, integrated industry-specific ERP solution with built-in best practices.

SAP Business ByDesign

Adaptable, cloud-based business suite ideally suited for SMEs and subsidiaries of large corporations, it is a complete, integrated suite that can run a whole enterprise – financials, human resources, sales, procurement, customer service, and supply chain. The latest versions enable partners and customers to extend the system capabilities or build cloud-based applications using SAP Business ByDesign Studio.

SAP Business One

Application designed especially for small businesses with up to 100 employees, providing a single, integrated solution for managing the entire business across financials, sales, customer relationships, purchasing, inventory, analytics, and operations.

SAP Business Suite

Software suite that helps companies build a comprehensive business process platform to run and perform better. The software supports core business operations ranging from supplier relationships to production, warehouse management, sales, and administrative functions, through to customer relationships. The main applications in the suite are SAP CRM, SAP ERP, SAP PLM, SAP SRM, and SAP SCM. SAP Business Suite, SAP CRM, and SAP ERP are now available powered by SAP HANA.

SAP Business Suite powered by SAP HANA

In January 2013, SAP launched SAP Business Suite powered by SAP HANA, a next-generation business suite that captures and analyzes data in real time on a single in-memory platform empowering customers to run their business in real time to transact, analyze, and predict instantly and proactively. The core applications in the suite now take advantage of SAP HANA for smarter innovations, faster business processes, and simpler interactions. 

SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence (BI) solutions

Category of solutions designed to help optimize business performance and provide business insight by connecting people with information. SAP BusinessObjects BI suite comprises the majority of SAP BusinessObjects BI solutions. See “analytics solutions from SAP”.

SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence solutions

Category of solutions designed to help optimize business performance and provide business insight by connecting people with information. The SAP BusinessObjects brand name was dropped in 2012 from all SAP offerings except for business intelligence. SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence suite comprises the majority of SAP BusinessObjects Business Intelligence solutions. See “analytics solutions from SAP.”

SAP Cloud for Financials

A cloud-based financial management solution with an intuitive, easy-to-consume interface and personalized information. It features embedded, dynamic analytics, enabling companies to achieve superior financial insight across the business. Customers can use the solution to drive streamlined, end-to-end compliant financial processes as well as real-time financial performance information for everyone in the business. It includes the solution formerly called SAP Financials OnDemand and is part of the SAP Cloud for Finance portfolio.

SAP Cloud for Sales, SAP Cloud for Service, and SAP Cloud for Marketing

Individual people-centric, cloud-based portfolios for sales, service, and marketing organizations with designed-in social collaboration to help transform social media conversations into business insight. The SAP Cloud for Sales portfolio complements the on-premise SAP CRM application, offers enterprises running SAP Business Suite, a pre-integrated cloud solution that embraces the way sales representatives collaborate and improves their  productivity, and includes the former SAP Sales OnDemand solution. The portfolios include the SAP Cloud for Social Engagement solution and the solution formerly called SAP Customer OnDemand.

SAP Cloud for Social Engagement

A cloud-based solution that helps transform social media conversations into business insight. Marketing and customer service organizations can use it to better engage with customers to increase brand loyalty, manage reputational risks, and capitalize on opportunities. Formerly called SAP Social OnDemand.

SAP Cloud powered by SAP HANA

In 2013, SAP began offering SAP Cloud powered by SAP HANA that includes infrastructure, platform, and software as services in the cloud, incorporating the former SAP HANA Enterprise Cloud managed cloud services offering. It allows entire enterprise systems to be run in the cloud and provides customers with a new deployment option to gain immediate value from the innovations of SAP HANA. This enables the operation of mission-critical business applications as well as new applications powered by SAP HANA.

SAP Co-Innovation Lab

SAP location featuring a simulated, heterogeneous data center that incorporates hardware and infrastructure software from various vendors. The lab provides a hands-on environment for SAP, customers, and partners to innovate, accelerate, and showcase new business solutions and technologies collaboratively. Customers and partners can visit the lab to evaluate the latest SAP and partner solutions in a simulated, real-world infrastructure. SAP Co-Innovation Lab locations include São Paulo, Brazil; Palo Alto, California (United States); Tokyo, Japan; Seoul, Korea; Bangalore, India; Walldorf, Germany; Zurich, Switzerland; Moscow, Russia.

SAP Community Network

Online portal with nearly two million members in more than 200 countries, providing individuals with the opportunity to trade experience and insights, pursue business opportunities, and learn from each other. SAP offers distinct communities in the network that offer information, trusted resources, and co-innovation. See “Business Process Expert community,” “SAP Developer Network,” and “SAP University Alliances community.”

SAP CRM powered by SAP HANA

First SAP Business Suite application powered by SAP HANA.

SAP Crystal Reports

Software that enables businesses to design interactive reports and connect them to virtually any data source.

SAP Crystal solutions

Integrated, affordable, and user-friendly family of offerings for reporting, dashboarding, presentation, and ad hoc analysis that can empower individuals in organizations of any size to discover and share insight for optimal decision making. With insight into every aspect of the business, companies can monitor performance, identify opportunities for growth, and transform how they run their businesses.

SAP Custom Development

SAP organization that specializes in building individual software solutions that address the unique needs of customers, and that fit seamlessly with existing SAP software. The organization draws on SAP innovations, especially SAP HANA, to deliver unmatched impact and value for specific customer use cases. See “custom development project.”

SAP Customer Relationship Management (SAP CRM)

Application that provides comprehensive software support to help marketing, sales, and service professionals obtain complete customer intelligence that they can leverage to manage customer relationships and customer-related processes effectively. SAP CRM can enable multichannel customer interactions, including mobile smartphones, the Internet, and social media and also offers a communications infrastructure that is designed to help connecting with other users anytime, anywhere. SAP offers CRM applications in both on-premise and on-demand deployment models.

SAP d-code

New name for SAP TechEd conferences in 2014, which go beyond technical education to encompass a broader scope of topics and audience. 

SAP Data Management

Portfolio that replaces and extends the concept and previously named offering of SAP Real-Time Data Platform. It refers to the data management capabilities in the following offerings, which are still available as individual offerings: SAP HANA; SAP ASE;  SAP IQ;  SAP SQL Anywhere;  SAP ESP; SAP Replication Server; SAP PowerDesigner; SAP Control Center, SAP PowerBuilder,  and  SAP Data Services. Together, these allow users to access, store, and capitalize on Big Data to support business decision making in real time.

SAP Developer Network

Part of SAP Community Network, this online community offers deep technical content and expertise for SAP developers, analysts, consultants, and administrators.

SAP EcoHub

Online solution marketplace that centralizes information about SAP and partner solutions – and includes features such as feedback, ratings, and demos to help discover, evaluate, and buy solutions to complement an investment in SAP software.

SAP Education

An organization with more than 1,000 resources on global scale that provides a complete and high-quality enablement offering across the entire customer lifecycle for all target audiences (business users, project teams, customers, partners, and so on). The comprehensive portfolio of educational products and services leverages a multimodal offering (on-site, e-learning, and virtual classrooms) to accelerate enablement and reduce cost and certifications paths to help ensure enablement quality.

SAP Enterprise Support

Services that provide proactive support in addition to all features of SAP Standard Support services. These proactive support services encompass tools, processes, and services that enable continuous improvement, holistic application lifecycle management for continuous innovation, business and operational process improvements, and levers to address the total cost of operation (TCO).

SAP Environment, Health & Safety Management (SAP EHS Management)

An application that supports sustainability initiatives – enabling companies to manage EHS operational, financial, and reporting risks holistically across their facilities and extended business network. As an integral part of SAP Business Suite, the application systematically embeds EHS requirements and tasks directly into enterprise business processes, reinforcing compliance and risk reduction across global operations.


Application designed to optimize business and IT processes by reducing IT complexity, increasing adaptability, and delivering more IT value at a lower cost than traditional ERP solutions. It can support mission-critical, end-to-end business processes for finance, human capital management, asset management, sales, procurement, and other essential corporate functions. SAP ERP can also support industry- specific processes by providing industry-specific business functions that can be activated selectively via the switch framework, keeping the application core stable and helping ensure maximum performance.

SAP ERP powered by SAP HANA

The second SAP Business Suite application powered by SAP HANA.

SAP Event Stream Processor (SAP ESP)

A high-performance complex event processing engine designed to analyze streams of business event information in real time. Formerly SAP Sybase ESP.

SAP Executive Board

The official governing body of SAP, overseeing and deciding on the activities of the company. Subject to the requirements of stock corporation law, the SAP Executive Board is committed to the interests of SAP and bound by company policy. It provides the SAP Supervisory Board with regular, prompt, and comprehensive reports about all essential issues of business, corporate strategy, and potential risks. Membership in the SAP Executive Board is part of the official titles for these board members.

SAP Financing

Service that helps companies invest in SAP solutions implemented by a strategic partner of SAP: Siemens Financial Services GmbH (SFS). SFS targets the financing service chiefly at midsize companies. Depending on local conditions, the SFS plan leases solutions to customers and provides loan finance. 

SAP for Aerospace & Defense (SAP for A&D)

Solution portfolio specifically designed to meet the needs of the aerospace and defense industry. It offers capabilities for maintenance, repair and overhaul, airline operations, defense, manufacturing, contract and program management, and business acquisitions.

SAP for Automotive

Solution portfolio designed to meet the specific needs of the automotive industry. Its capabilities help link complex business processes into a logical flow, maximizing efficiency and profitability and satisfying customers’ expectations. 

SAP for Banking

Solution portfolio that enables banks to obtain all customer information at a glance and offers a full complement of high-performance capabilities for strategic planning, financial accounting, costing, and enterprise-wide control. It also features key industry-specific applications for profitability management, risk management, customer relationship management, and integrated customer account systems.

SAP for Chemicals

Solution portfolio that delivers support for specific processes and tools that chemical companies require. Industry-specific capabilities include recipe management, batch management, and version control.

SAP for Consumer Products

Solution portfolio that supports the integration of every step of the consumer product value chain – from suppliers to consumers. Key capabilities include mobile and Internet sales, trade promotion management, inventory managament, brand and channel management, and demand signal management.

SAP for Defense & Security

Solution portfolio that offers a variety of capabilities that meet the critical needs of the defense and security sector. Key industry-specific capabilities include acquisition and materials management; force planning; maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO); personnel and organization; infrastructure management; planning and support for deployed operations; in-service support; and line maintenance.

SAP for Engineering, Construction & Operations (SAP for EC&O)

Solution portfolio designed to meet the specific requirements of project-oriented enterprises that offers capabilities for industrial plant construction, construction of commercial and private buildings, and shipbuilding.

SAP for Healthcare

Solution portfolio for hospitals and clinics to manage a variety of required administrative and clinical processes.

SAP for High Tech

Solution portfolio that meets the demands of high-tech industries, including RosettaNet support.

SAP for Higher Education and Research (SAP for HE&R)

Solution portfolio that supports organizational processes and unique needs of public and private universities, multicampus institutions, research agencies, and medical colleges, including campus management, grants management, student life-cycle management, financials, operations, human capital management, procurement, analytics, research, and asset management. 

SAP for Industrial Machinery & Components (SAP for IM&C)

Solution portfolio that coordinates the entire scope of business activities (estimating, order entry, project management, and production planning) for the industrial sector and supports areas ranging from maintenance and services to billing and profitability analysis.

SAP for Insurance

Solution portfolio that integrates steps in the insurance business process, including capabilities for customer contact, policy and product management, collections and disbursement, and claims management.

SAP for Life Sciences

Solution portfolio that meets the requirements of pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and diagnostics companies, as well as manufacturers of medical devices and products.

SAP for Media

Solution portfolio that supports processes specific to the media industry with capabilities that include sales and distribution, advertising management, product development, and intellectual property management.

SAP for Mill Products

Solution portfolio for manufacturers of building materials, the paper and timber industry, metal and primary metal producers, and textile and furniture manufacturers.

SAP for Mining

Solution portfolio that supports processes specific to the mining industry, including mining operations and asset performance; sales and supply chain management; operational risk and compliance; as well as human resources; finance; procurement; and IT management.

SAP for Oil & Gas (SAP for O&G)

Solution portfolio that meets the demands of oil and gas companies of all sizes.

SAP for Professional Services

Solution portfolio that delivers integrated tools, best practices, and support for automated processes designed specifically for the demands of the professional services industry, including management consultancies as well as accounting and legal firms.

SAP for Public Sector

Solution portfolio for public administration, providing an electronic framework that enables online communication through various applications for the public, government authorities, and related entities. 

SAP for Retail

Solution portfolio that offers multichannel applications designed specifically to provide the best retail services to a large customer base.

SAP for Sports & Entertainment

Solution portfolio that comprises solutions for sports teams, leagues, and venues, designed to help them deepen fan engagement, drive on-field performance, and optimize business efficiency.

SAP for Telecommunications

Solution portfolio that provides telecommunications enterprises of all types and sizes a range of industry-specific capabilities, including support for convergent invoicing and contract accounting.

SAP for Transportation & Logistics

Solution portfolio that covers the unique business needs of postal services, railways, airlines, and toll collection companies, as well as logistics service providers, to optimize supply chain and planning.

SAP for Utilities

Solution portfolio for all supply and energy industries, with capabilities ranging from call centers and Internet communications to consumption billing.

SAP for Wholesale Distribution

Solution portfolio that addresses the needs of midsize and large wholesale distribution businesses in a wide range of segments. Industry-specific capabilities support new business models and strategies that meet the needs of an important supply sector.

SAP Ganges

Name of a solution evolving from an SAP project that focused on improving the IT infrastructure of micro-businesses (small, usually family-owned shop selling groceries and other sundries). Solution includes software for POS devices as well as services provided to retailers, distributors, wholesalers, and manufacturers. The services also include providing banks with reporting that supplements credit worthiness for retailers. Solution is currently only available for the Indian market.

SAP Global Managing Board

The SAP Global Managing Board was established in May 2012 in addition to the SAP Executive Board and allows SAP to appoint a broader range of global leaders to help steer the organization. It comprises members of the SAP Executive Board and selected additional executives, and has advisory and decision-supporting functions for the SAP Executive Board. Per definition, all members of the SAP Executive Board are members of the SAP Global Managing Board.

SAP Global Research and Business Incubation

Research and innovation unit integrated into the Products & Innovation organization at SAP in April 2013. The new decentralized structure combines the strengths of research and development to benefit new products (including SAP HANA) and strategic topics (such as mobile and business intelligence). A team manages the project governance of publicly funded projects as well as handling ecosystems, communications, and relationship management with stakeholders from academia and governments.


Flexible, data-agnostic, in-memory platform that helps organizations analyze their business operations, using huge volumes of detailed transactional and analytic information from virtually any data source. The platform provides the foundation for innovative applications that take advantage of an in-memory database and calculation engine, allowing customers to conduct complex planning, forecasting, and simulation based on real-time data.

SAP HANA Cloud Platform

Development platform-as-a-service (PaaS) designed to help customers, independent software vendors, and partners rapidly create innovative enterprise software applications in the cloud leveraging our leading in-memory technology.

SAP HANA Enterprise Cloud

See “SAP Cloud powered by SAP HANA”.


Umbrella term for a group of analytics foundations for SAP HANA, specific to an industry or for a particular software (SAP HANA Live for Event Management, SAP HANA Live for SAP CRM), and so on, as well as a browser (SAP HANA Live Browser).


Deployment of SAP HANA certified for productive use on the Amazon Web Services Cloud. SAP HANA One can be deployed for production use with small data sets, in minutes, opening a door to starter projects from customers, ISVs, and startups.


An analytics server designed specifically for advanced analytics, data warehousing, and business intelligence environments. Able to work with massive volumes of structured and unstructured data, it is ideally suited to take advantage of Big Data opportunities by discovering more accurate insight into business performance and market dynamics. Formerly called SAP Sybase IQ.


Social software platform that includes the former SuccessFactors Jam, SAP StreamWork, and new software. It enables sales teams and internal experts to socially connect and communicate with customers in the context of each opportunity. Customers can also easily provide feedback and share what is important to them to strengthen relationships.

SAP Learning Solution

Portfolio of learning tools including a learning portal, learning management system, authoring tools, and content management system. Individual training and strategic personnel development are supported in the solution.

SAP Lumira

Data visualization software that helps connect, access, and visualize data without a single line of code. Formerly called SAP Visual Intelligence.

SAP Managed Services

Organization and offerings that enable SAP customers to access SAP applications and that provide the infrastructure required. In this way, solutions are ready to use and can be adapted to customers’ growing requirements.

SAP Manufacturing

Solution for managing manufacturing operations with embedded lean manufacturing and Six Sigma principles. It provides capabilities for planning, execution, quality, maintenance, as well as environment, health, and safety.

SAP MaxAttention

Support option with a full range of services customized for individual customer needs and covering all stages of an SAP solution’s lifecycle, driven by an on-site technical quality manager.

SAP Mobile

Overarching category term used to communicate all SAP mobile offerings together. These include any type of mobile apps, solutions, technology, or platform (including SAP Mobile Platform), as well as solutions extensions and rapid-deployment solutions and any Sybase-related products.

SAP Mobile Platform

A platform of mobile capabilities and technology that bundles three existing offerings under one name (Sybase Unwired Platform, Sybase Mobiliser, and a Syclo offering named Agentry). SAP Mobile Platform is offered in enterprise or consumer editions and each edition is available as either an on-premise or a cloud version.

SAP Month of Service

Held in October, SAP’s signature corporate volunteerism effort offers SAP employees around the world opportunities to come together to support social change in their communities.

SAP NetWeaver

A comprehensive technology stack designed to efficiently develop, run, and extend business applications. SAP NetWeaver provides foundation and enterprise software, including the SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse application, and the SAP NetWeaver Application Server, SAP NetWeaver Portal, and SAP NetWeaver Process Orchestration components. It facilitates the easy integration of SAP software with heterogeneous system environments, third-party solutions, and external business partners. See “technology platform.”

SAP NetWeaver Adaptive Computing Controller

Tool based on the J2EE engine of SAP NetWeaver Application Server that enables users to control the entire landscape from a single point. Administrators can monitor the runtime data of logical and physical landscapes; start, stop, or relocate application services; and assign hardware resources to application services.

SAP NetWeaver Application Server (SAP NetWeaver AS)

Component of SAP NetWeaver that provides support for platform-independent Web services, business applications, and standards-based development based upon key technologies such as Java and ABAP technology.

SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence

See SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse.

SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse (SAP NetWeaver BW)

Application of SAP NetWeaver that provides a complete view of a company and the tools needed to make the right decisions, optimize processes, and measure strategic success, such as business-critical factors and benchmarks. Formerly called SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence.

SAP NetWeaver Developer Studio

Tool based on the open source Eclipse framework that supports the efficient development of Web Dynpro, Web services, and Java/J2EE business applications, as well as Java projects on a large-scale basis for both SAP technologies and standard technologies.

SAP NetWeaver Gateway

A technology framework enabling exposure and simplified access to SAP software from any device or environment using standard, open protocols. It opens data and processes running on SAP applications for software developers to create apps in different environments and devices to engage many more business consumers. 

SAP NetWeaver Master Data Management (SAP NetWeaver MDM)

Component of SAP NetWeaver that ensures cross-system data consistency across disparate systems and helps integrate business processes – providing a single version of master data for supplier, product, customer, or user-defined data objects in heterogeneous environments.

SAP NetWeaver Mobile

Component of SAP NetWeaver that helps IT organizations extend applications, data, and process to mobile workers that are not always connected to the company network. It includes over-the-air device management, application design tools, and synchronization middleware that allow occasionally connected mobile devices to inter-operate as part of a company’s business processes.

SAP NetWeaver Portal

Component of SAP NetWeaver that offers a complete portal infrastructure and high-performance functions for knowledge management and collaboration between enterprises. The portal is based on open standards and Web services and is tightly linked with other SAP NetWeaver components, so it also supports heterogeneous IT landscapes and is compatible with Java, J2EE, and Microsoft.NET.

SAP NetWeaver Process Integration (SAP NetWeaver PI)

Component of SAP NetWeaver that enables different versions of SAP and non-SAP systems from different vendors running on different platforms (for example, Java ABAP and so on) to communicate with each other. Includes all capabilities previously covered by SAP NetWeaver Exchange Infrastructure to realize cross-system business processes. 

SAP NetWeaver Visual Composer

Design tool that facilitates the creation of SAP NetWeaver Portal content using a visual user interface, rather than written code.

SAP Notes

Tool that provides instructions on how to remove known errors from SAP software, including a description of the symptoms, cause, and location of the errors.

SAP PartnerEdge

Global, partner-to-partner business collaboration network where SAP partners can share expertise, development capabilities, solutions, and knowledge to extend their market reach. In late 2012, SAP’s extranet for partners, SAP Channel Partner Portal, merged with SAP PartnerEdge. The combined site, available at now gives partners access to information, product and business news, tools, training, and business resources to order products. Partners can also manage their relationship with SAP and collaborate with other SAP partners through SAP PartnerEdge.

SAP PowerBuilder

Application development tool for creating high-performance, data-driven business applications with advanced visual user interface design. Formerly called SAP Sybase PowerBuilder.

SAP PowerDesigner

Business process and data modeling software and metadata management solution for data architecture, information architecture, and enterprise architecture. Available in enterprise editions tailored to data architects or business analysts. Formerly called SAP Sybase PowerDesigner.

SAP Premier Customer Network

Exclusive SAP community of top industry leaders representing some of the world’s largest and best-run businesses. For these premier customers, SAP aims to simplify and tailor the partnership toward the unique needs of each customer by proactively assembling the best talent and synchronization across all SAP lines of business (product development, sales, services, support, and marketing) globally.

SAP Product Lifecycle Management (SAP PLM)

Application that helps companies manage, track, and control all product-related information over the complete product and asset lifecycle as well as throughout the extended supply chain. SAP PLM is designed to facilitate creativity and to free the process of product innovation from organizational constraints.


Business software for mainframe computers launched by SAP in 1979; precursor to SAP R/3.


Business software for client/server environments launched by SAP in 1992 with enterprise software components for human resources, logistics, financials, sales and distribution, and others; precursor to SAP ERP.

SAP Ramp-Up

Program SAP uses to introduce new application releases on the market to selected customers during the restricted shipment phase.

SAP Rapid Deployment solutions

Packages of preconfigured software and predefined services with content including best practices, templates, tools, and business user enablement with predetermined scope, time, and costs. Because the solutions are installed quickly, customers can benefit from crucial software functionality within as little as 12 weeks, helping lower the total cost of implementation and giving customers immediate and tangible value.

SAP Real-Time Data Platform

See SAP Data Management.

SAP Replication Server

Software that moves and synchronizes data in real time, allowing companies to gain better use of application data and to create reports without affecting operational systems. Administrators can set up redundant disaster recovery sites and distribute, consolidate, and synchronize data across multiple platforms. Formerly called SAP Sybase Replication Server.

SAP River

An integrated development environment and programming language that allows rapid development of business applications to run on SAP HANA.

SAP road maps

Available for industries, lines of business, and technology, SAP road maps highlight the SAP solutions available today, planned innovation, and the SAP vision for the future.

SAP Safeguarding

Project-based support option that helps customers manage risks and enable the technical robustness of SAP solutions during implementation, upgrade, and operations.

SAP Service Marketplace

Extranet platform that offers capabilities for collaboration between SAP, customers, and partners. The extranet provides central access and guided navigation to SAP’s complete product listing with support, maintenance, and upgrade information.

SAP Services

A portfolio of services that helps customers derive value from their SAP solutions in a fast, cost-effective, and predictable way. The portfolio comprises three categories of services: High value (people-centric offerings in areas such as business transformation, industry-specific (for example, banking), and architecture-focused projects), innovation services (help lead the market adoption of SAP innovations such as SAP HANA, mobility, and cloud offerings); and engineered services (assembled to order to provide faster time to value and lower TCO with greater predictability, including rapid-deployment solutions).


Interoperability services that simplify the deployment and delivery of inter-operator messaging over incompatible networks, protocol stacks, and handsets among mobile operators worldwide. Messages are delivered through a secure operator-grade messaging platform, with advanced protocol conversion, routing, queuing, and transcoding capabilities.

SAP Solidarity Fund

The SAP Solidarity Fund e.V. was set up by SAP employees as an immediate response to the September 11, 2001, attacks. The goal of this charitable association was to help people – as a result of a natural disaster, for example – quickly and with minimum bureaucracy. The activities of the SAP Solidarity Fund are made possible mainly through contributions from SAP employees and people associated with SAP. Since its foundation, the SAP Solidarity Fund has managed to make more than €2 million available for various projects.

SAP Solution Explorer

A customer-facing self-service tool that helps users find the business management software solutions they need from SAP to operate profitably, adapt continuously, and grow sustainably. Content includes value maps and executive summaries for all SAP-supported lines of businesses, industries, technology, and selected topics.

SAP Solution Manager

Application management solution that enables customers to manage their SAP and non-SAP applications better. With SAP Solution Manager, customers can centralize, enhance, automate, and improve the management of their entire system landscape, thus reducing total cost of ownership. The solution includes features such as diagnostics, testing, root cause analysis, and solution monitoring.

SAP solutions for enterprise performance management (EPM)

Software that helps companies improve performance, organizational agility, and decision making. SAP solutions for EPM include SAP Business Planning and Consolidation, SAP Profitability and Cost Management, SAP Financial Consolidation, and SAP Disclosure Management applications.

SAP solutions for governance, risk, and compliance (GRC)

Applications that provide organizations with a real-time approach to managing GRC across heterogeneous environments. SAP solutions for GRC include the SAP Risk Management, SAP Access Control, and SAP Global Trade Services applications as well as the SAP Sustainability Performance Management analytic application, among others.

SAP solutions for small businesses and midsize companies

SAP Business All-in-One solution, SAP Business One application, and SAP BusinessObjects Edge solutions that combine business management and business intelligence software for small businesses and midsize companies. As with large enterprises, these firms seek to streamline business processes, cut costs, drive growth, and increase profitability by receiving the right information at the right time – across all operations.

SAP solutions for sustainability

Sustainability software includes the measurement of sustainability key performance indicators; energy and carbon management; and environment, health, and safety. SAP solutions for sustainability help organizations tackle energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, as well as support efforts in product safety, healthcare, and sustainability performance management.

SAP SQL Anywhere

A mobile, embedded, and cloud-enabled fully relational database that is embedded in more than 10 million installations worldwide, from laptops to tablets to smartphones. Formerly called SAP Sybase SQL Anywhere.

SAP Standard Support

Support option offering a reliable response to technical disruptions and for maintaining system health and integrity. This basic support offering features including updates, problem resolution, knowledge transfer, quality management, and more to keep IT landscapes up-to-date and stable. 

SAP Startup Focus

Program that offers a variety of resources for young companies including technology, training, technical advice and valuable go-to-market support. It serves as a development and growth accelerator that provides an integrated approach for startups to innovate on the SAP HANA platform. 

SAP StreamWork

See “SAP Jam.”

SAP Supplier Relationship Management (SAP SRM)

Procurement application that helps organizations in all industries improve their centralized sourcing and contract management and interact with suppliers through multiple channels. SAP SRM is designed to accelerate and optimize the entire end-to-end procure-to-pay process by supporting integrated processes and by enforcing contract compliance, which can result in realizable savings.

SAP Supply Chain Management (SAP SCM)

Application that helps companies adapt their supply-chain processes to a rapidly changing competitive environment. SAP SCM helps transform traditional supply chains from linear, sequential processes into open, configurable, responsive supply networks in which customer-centric, demand-driven companies can monitor and respond more smartly and quickly to demand and supply dynamics across a globally distributed environment.

SAP University Alliances

Program that introduces students to the exciting technologies shaping business today, and designed to connect students around the world interested in SAP solutions, careers, and research opportunities. Students participate in classroom sessions, app development, networking opportunities, events, and more.

SAP University Alliances community

Part of SAP Community Network, this online community provides connections between university leaders and students, SAP customers and partners, and SAP internal experts. Professors and lecturers gain access to up-to-date SAP-related business and IT course materials, resources, and peer-to-peer contact with many renowned experts.

SAP User Group Executive Network (SUGEN)

In 2007, SAP initiated a program that encouraged all SAP user groups to share their expertise and recommended practices with the wider user-group community. It kindled some valuable discussion, which, in the end, is good for all SAP stakeholders. An umbrella organization, SUGEN embraces 12 national SAP user groups with the shared aim of defining priorities and agreeing on plans of action to bring greater focus to the dialog between SAP and its user groups on the global plane.

SAP Ventures

An independent venture firm spun off from SAP, providing the agility of a start-up while allowing companies to tap into SAP’s global enterprise ecosystem of customers and partners. The firm partners with outstanding entrepreneurs and venture firms worldwide to build industry-leading businesses.

SAP Web Channel Experience Management

An application that SAP developed to address companies’ needs to deliver an integrated and consistent customer experience over the Internet. The software allows organizations to deploy state-of-the- art Web shops, fully integrated with their back-end order management and inventory systems. This next generation e-commerce solution also brings together e-marketing, sales, online self-service, and social customer conversations on a single platform to provide a one-stop, synchronized Web customer experience. Formerly SAP Sybase PowerBuilder.


SAP’s signature business technology event and the largest SAP customer-driven conference is held annually in several locations around the globe. The global event in the United States is co-located with the Americas’ SAP Users’ Group (ASUG) annual conference. Attendees discover new initiatives, solutions, products, and services, as well as unique access to the latest business strategies and industry best practices from SAP customers, partners, executives, and industry experts to help them drive business results across all levels.

Scope 1 (emissions)

Direct greenhouse gas emissions from sources that are owned or controlled by the reporting company, for example, fuel burned in corporate cars.

Scope 2 (emissions)

Indirect greenhouse gas emissions from consumption of purchased electricity, heat, or steam.

Scope 3 (emissions)

Indirect emissions that are a consequence of the activities of the reporting company, but occur from sources owned or controlled by another company, such as business flights.

software and software-related services (SSRS)

SAP reports revenues in software and software-related services (SSRS), which encompasses software, support, subscription, and other software-related service revenue. 

software as a service (SaaS)

Software that is provided literally “as a service.” Software applications are delivered and managed remotely over a secure Internet connection and a standard Web browser. Access is charged on a subscription basis at a fixed price per user, usually on a monthly basis, and users only pay for applications they actually use. See “cloud computing.”


SAP solutions enable a customer to meet a challenge or take advantage of an opportunity and are built or assembled by flexibly combining SAP applications and other SAP software. The solutions may include support for best business practices and be aided by consulting and ongoing support. They may also be enhanced or extended by SAP partner applications and services. Organizations can deploy SAP solutions to perform industry-specific business processes and to address their business issues in the way that best meets their needs.

solution area

A group of solutions that support a specific subprocess of a company’s end-to-end process

solution extensions

Developed by independent partners, solution extensions integrate easily with SAP software, offering customers cross-solution and cross-industry functions that complement SAP software. These select third-party offerings are branded with “SAP,” and sold and supported by SAP and partners.

solution portfolio

Collection of general-purpose and industry- specific applications, services such as consulting, and support for industry best practices. SAP offers solution portfolios that serve the needs of organizations in more than 25 major industries. Customers choose from among the offerings to assemble or build their SAP solutions to meet their requirements. Each offering in the portfolio is priced and available for individual purchase. 


Document that details the business and functional requirements of a particular product or project.


Individual or group the corporation is responsible to because they are affected by or can affect the company’s business. Besides the traditional stockholder, SAP’s stakeholders include, for example, employees, customers, partners, suppliers, analysts, and society.

stand-alone release

SAP application release that can be deployed independently of other application releases.

standard-related custom development project (SCDP)

Customer-specific development with a contractually binding commitment for at least a partial retrofit.

SuccessFactors Compensation

As part of SuccessFactors HCM Suite, this solution helps companies create a more simplified compensation plan management with more accurate budgeting and reduced risk. With performance data is calibrated across the company to ensure fairness and employee retention, insight for total employee compensation analysis and assurance that budgets are used wisely, companies can retain top performers. Risk can be significantly reduced with improved audit compliance. 

SuccessFactors Employee Central

The foundation of the SuccessFactors HCM Suite of solutions, Employee Central is a next-generation core HR software delivered securely as a service from the SuccessFactors cloud. It offers one global system of record, complete workforce overview combining HR and talent data, powerful analytics, and social collaboration fine-tuned to meet local needs. It is currently available in 10 countries. An additional offering specifically for payroll was launched in 2013 called SAP SuccessFactors Employee Central Payroll.

SuccessFactors HCM Suite

Suite of HR solutions for talent management, core HR, collaboration, and workforce analytics. The cloud-based suite provides solutions to bridge the gap between strategy and execution with tools to hire, reward, and develop the right people with the right skills to grow a business sustainably. Formerly called SuccessFactors Business Execution Suite (SuccessFactors BizX Suite).

SuccessFactors Learning

As an integrated part of SuccessFactors HCM Suite, this solution helps companies transform how a workforce learns by combining formal, social, and extended learning with content management, reporting, and analytics, available from an office or on a mobile device. 

SuccessFactors Professional Edition

A cloud-based solution that addresses, and is tailored to, the performance and talent management essentials small businesses and midsize companies require. Applications include employee profile, performance management, goal management, 360-degree review, and the SAP Jam social collaboration platform.

SuccessFactors Workforce Analytics

As part of SuccessFactors HCM Suite, this solution helps companies get the insights they need to make strategic workforce decisions by finding answers to key questions about workforce challenges and how to solve them. 

support package

Bundle of software corrections compiled periodically and available for ABAP or Java programming languages.

support release

Release offered after the beginning of the unrestricted shipment phase – if required – that contains a collection of all previously available support packages.


For SAP, sustainability is the ability to manage economic, social, and environmental risks and opportunities holistically for increased profitability. It contributes to our vision to help the world run better and improve peoples’ lives. SAP is committed to fully integrating sustainability into our strategy and business model and in this way the company pursues a corporate strategy that is sustainable rather than a stand-alone sustainability strategy. See “SAP solutions for sustainability.”

switch framework

SAP technology to activate industry business function sets and generic business functions within SAP ERP.


SAP acquired Sybase in late 2010, broadening the SAP portfolio for enterprise mobility, introducing a complete mobile platform and mobile solutions that enable customer access to data stored in SAP software and systems from anywhere and from any device.


Acquired by SAP in 2012, Syclo is a leading provider of enterprise mobile applications and technologies. The Syclo family of mobile apps extend SAP ERP and SAP CRM for mission-critical work on the go and out in the field. They offer a quick, flexible, reliable path to mobilizing asset management, field service, inventory/warehouse, and sales, regardless of language, user type, device selection, or connectivity.

system integrator (SI)

Company focused on integrating IT systems and providing related consulting. This is a classic channel used by large software vendors, large hardware vendors, and original equipment manufacturers.

technology platform

The technical foundation for a business-driven software architecture that increases the adaptability, flexibility, openness, and cost-efficiency of IT operations and enables organizations to become more agile in responding to change. See “SAP NetWeaver.”

timeless software

Set of principles for architecting both new and existing software systems for non-disruptive evolution, to the overall benefit of customers and SAP. The concept refers to the use of platform and services that grow with the organization according to current and future needs and one that can host systems from multiple vendors. Timeless software allows a business to evolve its IT needs in as non-disruptive manner as possible, utilizing key tenets such as enhancement packs and services that are easy to upgrade.

total energy consumed

The sum of all energy consumed through SAP’s own operations, including energy from renewable sources.

United Nations Global Compact (UN Global Compact)

A policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labor standards, environment, and anti-corruption.

unrestricted shipment phase

Second phase of release delivery, during which all customers can obtain the release. The phase follows the restricted shipment phase.


Replacement of an existing application component with a newer component of that same application.

value map

A structural view of SAP solutions organized according to industry, business responsibility, and technology area.

value-added reseller (VAR)

Partner that receives the majority of its revenue from reselling a vendor’s hardware or software solutions directly to end users. Additionally, VARs often provide consulting, implementation, postsales support, and training to their own customers. VARs may develop and sell add-on applications to meet the needs of vertical markets and may expand SAP product functionality.

vertical solution

A specialized application designed to meet the unique needs of a particular business or industry.


The decoupling of physical and logical computer resources. This approach can be implemented on different levels such as network, storage, central processing unit, server, and application.

visual enterprise

Ability to visually communicate parts of the business helps maximize productivity, improve process efficiency and quality, and reduce cost and cycle time. Solutions that support the “visual enterprise” unify and synchronize product information from multiple systems and deliver it in role-specific and workflow-controlled processes to people. The SAP 3-D Visual Enterprise applications, resulting from the RightHemisphere acquisition, enrich SAP Business Suite software with new 3-D visualization features that integrate business data, which will support new standards to increase speed, enhance productivity, and improve quality across the entire value chain.

Web Dynpro

Development environment that enables enterprises to model and develop professional applications based on browser technology, including a standards-based, device-independent complete runtime environment. Web Dynpro bridges the gap between different technologies, such as J2EE, ABAP, and Microsoft.NET, and between different Internet browsers and mobile platforms.

Web service

Describes a set of technical functionality using Web Services Description Language (WSDL), enabling interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network. Typically, Web services are simply Web application programming interfaces (APIs) that can be accessed and executed by a consuming application.

women in management

Phrase used to refer to the percentage of women in management positions (managing teams, managing managers, executive boards) as compared to the total number of managers, expressed by the number of individuals and not full-time equivalents (FTEs).

works council

As dictated by the German Works Council Constitution Act, a works council is a legal body for representing employees’ interests to the employer and codetermining the works in private companies. On June 21, 2006, the SAP AG employees working in Germany elected its first works council. A European works council was created in the spring of 2012.